Gait Outcome Measures

Dynamic Gait Index (DGI)

Figure 8 Walk Test

Four Square Step Test (4SST)

Functional Gait Assessment (FGA)

Gait Abnormality Rating Scale - modified (GARS-m)

Gait Speed

Groningen Meander Walking Test: A Dynamic Walking Test for Older Adults With Dementia.
Bossers WJR, van der Woude LHV, Boersma F, Scherder EJA, van Heuvelen MJG. (2014). The Groningen Meander Walking Test: A Dynamic Walking Test for Older Adults With Dementia. PHYS THER. 94(2):262-272.

Six-Minute Walk: protocol, response guidelines, norms

Timed Up and Go (TUG)


Community Ambulation Distance, (2 studies)
Both of these studies address "box stores" and consider ADA handicap parking as the norm (compared to past studies).

1. Brown (2010): Defining Community Ambulation From the Perspective of the Older Adult.
Brown CJ, Bradberry C, Howze SG, Hickman L, Ray H, Peel C. (2010).Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy. 33(2):56–63.

2. Andrews (2010): Update on Distance and Velocity Requirements for Community Ambulation.
Andrews WA, Chinworth SA, Bourassa M, Garvin M, Benton D, Tanner S. (2010). Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy. 33(3):128-134.


Maximum Step Length Test
Goldberg A, Schepens S, Wallace M. (2010). Concurrent Validity and Reliability of the Maximum Step Length Test in Older Adults. Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy. 33(3):122-127.


Shumway-Cook (2002). Environmental demands associated with community mobility in older adults with and without mobility disabilities.
Shumway-Cook A, Patla AE, Stewart A, Ferrucci L, Ciol MA, Guralnik JM. (2002).Phys Ther. 82(7):670-81.


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Creative Commons license

Prost, E. (2013). Examination Tool Kit. University of Missouri,
School of Health Professions, Department of Physical Therapy

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Updated:August 18, 2014