Gait Outcome Measures
1. Dynamic Gait Index (DGI)
3. Four Square Step Test (4SST)
4. Functional Gait Assessment (FGA)
5. Gait Abnormality Rating Scale - modified (GARS-m)
6. Gait Speed
7. Groningen Meander Walking Test: A
Walking Test for Older Adults With Dementia.
8. Six-Minute Walk: protocol, response guidelines, norms
9. Timed Up and Go (TUG)
Instructions: "walk backwards as quickly, but as safely as possible".9.b Amputee Mobility Predictor
• faster than 3.0 seconds - unlikely to have reported falling
• slower than 4.5 seconds - very likely to have reported falling.
Carter V, Jain T, James J, Cornwall M, Aldrich A, de Heer HD. The 3-m Backwards Walk and Retrospective Falls: Diagnostic Accuracy of a Novel Clinical Measure. J Geriatr Phys Ther. November 2017.
Community Ambulation Distance
Both Brown et al. and Andrews et al. address "box stores" and consider ADA handicap parking as the norm (this was absent in previous studies).
Brown (2010): Defining
From the Perspective of the Older Adult.
on Distance and
Velocity Requirements for Community Ambulation.
Shumway-Cook A, Patla AE, Stewart A, Ferrucci L, Ciol MA, Guralnik JM. (2002).Phys Ther. 82(7):670-81.
E. Willis BW. (2021). Examination Tool Kit. University of
Updated:Sept. 18, 2021